A Mobile Money Revolution
Vodafone is at the centre of a financial services revolution in Africa. It’s not based on plush branches or teams of big bonus bankers, neither is there the constant in your face advertising enticing you to deposit, borrow or save. Instead it relies on a simple ‘pay-as-you-go’ model that allows registered users to send and receive cash via their existing mobile phones.
Financial service revolution
Vodafone Money Transfer has been launched under the brand name M-PESA in Kenya and has immediately revolutionised the business of money transfer in a country where a traditional banking infrastructure does not exist in remote areas and the only lines of communication are mobile phone networks and the local stores that exist to buy credit for them.
Vodafone saw a huge opportunity in Kenya to provide a much needed service to individuals scattered throughout the vast country. Many of the men work in the cities where jobs are available, but always have the problem of getting cash back to their loved ones in the far flung villages. The key to success was the mobile phone and an existing network operated by Safaricom. The problem was how to achieve simplicity with the addition of necessary security.
Swift, secure, affordable
The M-PESA business was developed in conjunction with the DFID (Department for International Development) to make finance more accessible in developing countries. It is a business based on very high volumes of low value transactions, which enables money transfer via SMS and does not require a traditional bank account. The system is based on a Pay-as-you-go model requiring no joining fee, no monthly charges or minimum balance and is available to anyone.
M-PESA has been a fantastic success in Kenya from day one. Users are able to transfer money, pay for items in stores, pay bills and pay-in and withdraw cash at registered agent outlets. These main agents are Safaricom airtime dealers, petrol stations, supermarkets, local shops and postal services – all offering basic cash handling services to M-PESA users.
Pay as you go using your phone – M-PESA
Kenya is a huge land mass and the population has readily taken to using mobile phones on a pay-as-you-go basis, so the addition of another app made sense. The M-PESA application interacts with the Safaricom system in Kenya. Vodafone operates a vast record management system, which maintains real time records of every transaction and the whereabouts of every single item of money. This is critical to the success of the system as each user has to trust that their transaction will be handled securely and efficiently. In addition Vodafone had to ensure compliance with all the laws governing money laundering, but also take into account the inability of some customers to provide ID other than the recognition of their status by a village elder.
One of the key reasons behind the success of M-PESA is that the users have come to trust that it’s always available on demand. As a result the need to send envelopes of cash via the local bus driver, (surprisingly secure) is no longer the most popular money transfer choice.
Kenya’s Largest Financial Service
M-PESA is now the most popular mobile money transfer and payment service in Kenya, moving billions of shillings annually, and is growing rapidly. Plans are underway to introduce the system to other countries where the traditional banking infrastructure is low and mobile phone penetration is high.
Neil Dwyer - Vodafone's Service Delivery Manager revealed that Vodafone was only able to set up and operate Vodafone Money Transfer through the introduction of critical partnerships with other key providers.
Safaricom provides the telecom network, but the vast backbone of the system and the secure transaction engines are all housed with Rackspace® Hosting in the UK, utilising satellite streaming technology to send and receive real time transaction data. Geo clusters, managed backup and dedicated hosting of web applications complete the list.
Rackspace is a key factor in the success of the project. It is essential to have guaranteed network uptime, 24/7/365 support and total security, as well as massive flexibility to react to unbelievable growth in a very new and exciting business.
Some of the challenges faced by the Vodafone team were incredible. At Christmas and Easter periods individual transfers headed towards 2.6 million per day. And these were all small transactions, but vital to the individuals sending and receiving the money, so nothing could go wrong and the whereabouts of the cash had to be known at any given second of the day.
Neil Dwyer said, “Rackspace provides a team of dedicated account managers and support technicians whose expertise and dedication has been invaluable in bringing Vodafone Money Transfer to market”
Rackspace has proven to be a willing partner for Vodafone; assisting in planning for growth and proactively anticipating the need for additional hardware before any critical state is reached.
To discover more about Vodafone Money Transfer, please visit www.vodafone.com
For more information about Rackspace Hosting please visit the website at www.rackspace.co.uk or call for FREE information and hosting advice on 0800 988 0100
About the Author
Part of the Rackspace International Product Marketing team, Matthew Johns is an evangelist for Cloud Computing. Matthew has worked at Rackspace for more than 6 years. Prior to this he spent 15 years in technical, operational and project management roles for companies as diverse as IBM, Shell and Barclays.